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(Pocket-lint) – The annual refresh of the iPhone is without doubt one of the largest occasions in tech: it is the telephone that many aspire to personal, one which units traits and the telephone that every one others wish to higher.

Whereas leaks and rumours are nothing new to the world of tech, getting details about new Apple gadgets is pretty uncommon. They do not are likely to leak as comprehensively as a Samsung or Google telephone – however we’re gathering up all the pieces we hear concerning the new iPhone proper right here.

We have additionally received a separate round-up for the iPhone 5G speaking about when a totally 5G iPhone will seem. We imagine that every one the iPhone 12 fashions may have 5G, however there’s a probability it could be restricted to, say, the iPhone 12 Professional and Professional Max slightly than being obtainable on all gadgets. It might even be a separate machine. 

Apple iPhone 12 launch date and value

  • iPhone occasion anticipated in October 2020
  • From $699

Sometimes Apple holds its iPhone occasion within the second week of September and usually on a Tuesday. The corporate adopted the identical sample for the 2019 iPhones – asserting them on 10 September 2019 – and if 2020 was a typical yr, the iPhone 12 would doubtless have been unveiled on Eight September 2020.

After all, 2020 just isn’t a standard yr due to the worldwide pandemic. Apple confirmed that the iPhone can be delayed by a number of weeks this yr, and whereas an occasion happened on 15 September, it wasn’t for iPhone. 

As an alternative, it the 15 September occasion revealed a brand new entry-level iPad, new iPad Air, the Apple Watch Collection 6 and the Apple Watch SE, amongst a number of providers, with the iPhone occasion considered going down in October as a substitute. After all nothing is confirmed for that occasion as but.

When it comes to value, rumours have steered the iPhone 12 fashions will price between $699 and $1449.

What’s going to the iPhone 2020 be referred to as?

  • iPhone 12 
  • iPhone 12 Max
  • iPhone 12 Professional 
  • iPhone 12 Professional Max

Pre-2017, it was fairly straightforward to foretell what the subsequent iPhone can be referred to as. Following the iPhone 3G as much as the iPhone 8, Apple used sequential numbers and that was that.

With the iPhone 11, 11 Professional and 11 Professional Max having launched in 2019, it is fairly doubtless the 2020 iPhones can be referred to as the iPhone 12, iPhone 12 Professional and iPhone 12 Professional Max. There could possibly be a further bigger non-Professional mannequin added, resulting in an iPhone 12 Max too.

Whether or not there can be separate naming for 5G fashions, it is laborious to inform, however we suspect not.  Placing all of the rumours collectively, it appears doubtless we’re going to get 4 telephones. 

Design

  • All-new design
  • Squarer edges?

The Apple iPhone 12 fashions are reported to be coming with a brand new design – some renders present squarer edges extra just like the iPhone Four or 5 in comparison with the rounded edges we’ve got been used to because the iPhone 6. Provide chain sources have steered the telephones can be barely bigger, as a consequence of greater shows, however thinner total than the 2019 fashions.

We’re hoping to see a decreased notch on the high of the display of the 2020 fashions – or no notch in any respect – and we hope the frosted matte glass rear from the 11 Professional fashions returns as it’s stunning within the flesh. There was a patent filed for a notch-less telephone, however how Face ID can be accommodated stays a puzzle. 

Shows

  • All OLED
  • 120Hz refresh price
  • Completely different sizes

Rumours recommend that every one 2020 iPhones may have an OLED show. Presently, the iPhone 11 has an LCD show, whereas the Professional fashions have OLED. There’s additionally stories of a variable refresh price with a 120Hz refresh price reported that may drop right down to 60Hz when mandatory. It is claimed not less than a few of the OLED shows will come from LG for the primary time. 

Apparently we’d get a 5.4-inch mannequin, a 6.1-inch mannequin and a 6.7-inch rather than the 5.8-inch, 6.1-inch and 6.5-inch fashions we’ve got in the mean time. There could also be two variations of the 6.1-inch handset, one a typical iPhone 12 and the opposite an iPhone 12 Professional. 

Some hypothesis additionally suggests in-display fingerprint sensors though we predict that is inaccurate – we’re anticipating all these new fashions to have Face ID. 

Cameras

  • 3D Depth cameras
  • Evening Mode enhancements doubtless

There have additionally been predictions of a quad digital camera on the iPhone 12 Professional Max. That may imply a triple lens digital camera as with the iPhone 11 Professional, plus a ToF sensor or Lidar sensor as within the 2020 iPad Professional. Nonetheless, the overall consensus is for there to be a triple digital camera once more however sure, with a brand new sensor. In addition to portrait mode, the brand new sensor will even assist with ARKit apps. 

We additionally anticipate to see extra enhancements to Evening Mode and it is predicted that Apple is perhaps including a 3D-sensing laser array to make Portrait mode even higher. For the entrance digital camera, it has been reported that Face ID may have a wider field-of-view. 

{Hardware} and software program

Most stories recommend Apple will undertake 5G connectivity for the iPhone 12, claiming all fashions may have a 5G possibility and Qualcomm CEO Cristiano Amon has mentioned that getting 5G into the iPhone is now a precedence. Qualcomm has introduced the X60 modem and a brand new antenna – extra on that beneath. 

The almost definitely state of affairs at current – we predict – is that the iPhone 12 Professional and Professional Max can be 5G. Whether or not the usual iPhone 12 can be is extra of a debate and can doubtless nonetheless be an unknown till the announcement.  

We anticipate to see the A14 chip underneath the hood of the iPhone 12 fashions, with all providing the identical {hardware} and we anticipate to see all of them launch on iOS 14, which we realized extra about at Apple’s developer occasion in June. You may examine all the brand new options arriving with iOS 14 in our separate spherical up function, however there are Widgets, an App Library, App Clips and developments to Messages and Siri, amongst loads extra.

We additionally anticipate all three fashions to function the U1 chip – which brings enhanced short-range location and sharing.

When it comes to storage, stories recommend the iPhone 12 Professional fashions will are available 128GB, 256GB and 512GB choices, whereas the iPhone 12 fashions will are available 64GB, 128GB and 256GB choices.

Apple iPhone 12 rumours: What’s occurred to date?

Here is all the pieces we have heard concerning the iPhone 12 fashions to date.

15 September 2020: Apple holds Time Flies occasion, however no iPhone revealed

Apple held its Time Flies Particular Occasion on 15 September however the firm did not reveal the brand new iPhones. As an alternative, the occasion noticed the Apple Watch Collection 6, Watch SE, new entry-level iPad and new iPad Air, in addition to providers together with Health+.

Eight September 2020: iPhone 12 not anticipated till October 2020

Bloomberg’s Mark Gurman has tweeted claiming the 15 September occasion is probably going for iPad and Apple Watch and the iPhone 12 doubtless will not be introduced till Ocotber 2020.

Eight September 2020: Apple publicizes Particular Occasion

Apple has introduced it is going to maintain a Particular Occasion on 15 September 2020 at 10AM PDT, although it’s thought the iPhone 12 fashions will not be revealed and the occasion will deal with the Apple Watch Collection 6 and new iPad.

As an alternative, the iPhone 12 fashions are anticipated to be revealed in October.

7 September 2020: Apple iPhone 12 launch could possibly be introduced this week, new iPad Air and Watch 6 too

Apple is tipped to lastly make an announcement on its iPhone 12 launch occasion the week of seven September. Bloomberg’s Mark Gurman means that we’ll hear concerning the iPhone 12 briefing imminently.

2 September 2020: Apple rumours once more level to 4 5G iPhones plus new headphones and a smaller HomePod

Bloomberg’s Mark Gurman and Debby Wu claimed 4 new iPhones with OLED screens – presumably in sizes of 5.4, 6.1, or 6.7 inches – are on the way in which. Additionally, anticipate a steel-edged Professional line, plus aluminum variants. There’s mentioned to be a brand new darkish blue color to exchange the inexperienced, too.

The 6.7-inch Professional may also be the one mannequin to obtain Apple’s LIDAR scanner know-how that debuted on this yr’s iPad Professional.

2 September 2020: EE’s ‘Full Works’ plan is an iPhone 12 5G-ready tariff together with Apple Music, TV+ and Arcade

EE teamed up with Apple to launch a brand new plan forward of the iPhone 12 launch – referred to as the Full Works Plan for iPhone.

1 September 2020: Apple Air Tags may launch with iPhone 12

Based on Japanese weblog Macotakara, Apple is because of announce its Tile-competitor tags alongside the anticipated iPhone 12.

26 August 2020: iPhone 12 Professional Max video leaks, seems to indicate excessive refresh price settings

A video purporting to indicate the iPhone 12 Max show leaked. The video seems to verify high-refresh price settings for the Professional and Professional Max.

Entrance Web page Tech

19 August 2020: Wonderful Apple iPhone 12 idea renders seem on-line with flatter design

Some stunning renders appeared on-line displaying us what the usual iPhone 12 may seem like primarily based on a flatter design.

1/4Svetapple.sk

31 July 2020: Apple admits the subsequent iPhone will not launch this September

Apple confirmed it’s going to launch the subsequent Telephone sequence a bit later this yr, through a third-quarter earnings name with buyers on Thursday 30 July.

“Final yr we began promoting new iPhones in late September; this yr we anticipate provide to be obtainable a number of weeks later,” mentioned Apple CFO Luca Maestri throughout the name.

30 July 2020: Qualcomm’s outcomes recommend the iPhone 12 can be barely delayed

Qualcomm is confirmed to be offering the 5G {hardware} inside the brand new iPhone 12 and it is This fall outlook mentioned there can be “a partial affect from the delay of a world 5G flagship telephone launch”. 

Whereas this might probably be speaking concerning the Google Pixel 5, our cash’s on it being concerning the iPhone 12.

29 July 2020: The iPhone 12 and iPhone 12 Professional costs leak

A report claims there can be 128GB, 256GB, and 512GB storage choices for the iPhone 12 Professional fashions, whereas the usual iPhone 12 and 12 Max will include 64GB, 128GB and 256GB choices. 

Batteries can be bigger within the Professional line with 2775mAh and 3687mAh batteries respectively. The usual iPhone 12 fashions may have 2227mAh and 2815mAh batteries, it’s claimed.

Costs are are mentioned to range between $699 and $1449.

three July 2020: Now the iPhone 12 Professional supposedly will not function a 120Hz show in spite of everything

Analyst Ross Younger mentioned his sources have but to verify any of the hypothesis concerning the iPhone 12 – particularly, the‌ rumoured Professional fashions – packing 120Hz shows. As an alternative, he claims his contacts suppose the 120Hz know-how may come to the 2021 iPhone sequence.

2 July 2020: Apple is making an attempt to tug again the launch of the 5G mannequin

It appears the iPhone 5G has suffered due to the present world scenario and has been delayed till very late within the yr, having even slipped to 2021 at one level. That is in line with provide chain data reported by Nikkei. Nonetheless, Apple is working laborious to get suppliers to ship earlier. 

1 July 2020: 120Hz show unsure 

Based on a brand new hearsay from show analyst Ross Younger, the iPhone 12 sequence will not have ProMotion shows as a result of it first must implement a low-power show tech which will not be taking place this yr. 

30 June 2020: iPhone 12 may file 4K 120fps video, even 240fps

The brand new iPhones will apparently get a critical bump in video functionality, with 4K as much as 120fps and the identical hearsay suggesting it may even be a whopping 240fps, although we really feel that is unlikely. The main points had been apparently uncovered as a consequence of discoveries within the iOS 14 developer beta software program. Whereas present iPhones can file larger than 60fps, you might want to step down from 4K. 

29 June 2020: No charger or headphones within the field? 

Based on typically proper, typically flawed Apple analyst Ming-Chi Kuo, the brand new iPhone fashions will not have a charger or headphones within the field. Sure, you learn that proper. It does make sense often because we guess the full of unused EarPods are most likely within the many tens of thousands and thousands. And, as for chargers, nicely, most individuals have a USB energy plug. The iPhone will nonetheless have a USB to Lightning cable, apparently. After all, it reduces Apple’s prices as nicely…

22 June 2020: Apple previews iOS 14

Apple previewed its upcoming main software program replace – iOS 14 – throughout its Worldwide Developer Convention on 22 June. Quite a few options had been revealed, together with biking instructions in Maps, a brand new Translate app and digital automotive keys.

15 June 2020: New iPhone 12 leak suggests a extra angular design

Leaks of the iPhone 12 design recommend a extra angular-edged handset, which reminds us a little bit of the edges from the iPhone 4. The leak comes from some moulds which have been photographed (most likely from a case producer). Nonetheless, the notch on the moulds appears to be like bigger than we’re anticipating.

29 Might 2020: LG to produce not less than some iPhone 12 OLED screens

LG already provides LED panels for some iPhones however now it seems that it is going to be supplying some OLED shows as nicely, probably for the iPhone 12 Professional Max. 

19 Might 2020: An enormous leak of display specs

The leaky provide chain has revealed all of the iPhone 12 show specs. The entry-level 5.4-inch iPhone 12 may have a 2,340 x 1,080 decision LCD show after which there can be a 6.1-inch 2,532 x 1,170 pixel model with OLED as nicely. 

The iPhone 12 Professional may have the identical dimension and backbone show because the 6.1-inch handset we talked about above although it’s going to be a 10-bit panel to assist HDR. The 6.7-inchiPhone 12 Professional Max may have a 2,778 x 1,284 decision.

11 Might 2020: Extra battery and Face ID particulars

A late April leak suggests the iPhone 12 Professional shows may have a 120Hz refresh price, with the flexibility to change right down to 60Hz dynamically to preserve battery life. It is mentioned there can be a 4,400mAh battery to take care of the present degree of battery life. Lastly, it is mentioned that Face ID may have a wider field-of-view and the rear digital camera may have an improved zoom. 

27 April 2020: iPhone 12 delayed? 

The Wall Road Journal cited a supply who steered that the iPhone 12 launch will happen round a month later than traditional due to delays to the availability chain brought on by the worldwide scenario at current. That may imply a late October launch for the telephone itself. 

20 April 2020: iPhone 12 will introduce a smaller notch

A number of stories just lately have steered the iPhone 12 may have a smaller notch, but all of the Face ID sensors can be current. This could basically solely imply that the speaker is moved upwards into the bezel of the telephone, because it has been on many Android gadgets. 

13 April 2020: 4 new iPhones incoming?

Based on Bloomberg, Apple is engaged on 4 new iPhones -could there be a selected iPhone 5G? The corporate is reportedly redesigning the iPhone Professional fashions of the sequence in order that they’ve flatter display edges, regardless of different analysts saying the display edges would stay curved. 

Eight April 2020: Leaked picture suggests iPhone 12 Professional may have LiDAR sensor

It appears to be like just like the iPhone 12 may have a triple digital camera however add a LiDAR sensor, identical to the brand new iPad Professional. This may enhance AR capabilities in addition to images. Alongside it, there can be common, ultra-wide and telephoto as with the iPhone 11 Professional. 

12 March 2020: Apple would possibly put a 3D-sensing digital camera on the again of the subsequent iPhone

Apple’s apparently been exploring the potential for placing a 3D sensor system on its telephones for a few years, however the iPhone 12 could possibly be the one to truly get it, in line with stories. Whether or not this could seem like a quad-camera unit or be extra refined is unclear, however both method it may permit for higher Portrait Mode efficiency and augmented actuality. 

9 March 2020:  The iPhone 12 Professional digital camera reportedly has a 64-megapixel sensor

With the brand new Samsung Galaxy S20 Extremely boasting a 108-megapixel sensor, the iPhone 11 Professional digital camera 12-megapixel cameras are actually trying a little bit paltry. A 64-megapixel sensor can be used within the iPhone 12 Professional and Professional Max it appears, whereas there can be upgrades for the opposite two lenses (sure, a triple digital camera once more). Nonetheless, a Time-of-Flight (ToF) sensor will even be added. 

18 February 2020: Is that this the iPhone 12 Professional 5G modem? 

Apple companion Qualcomm debuted its newest X60 5G modem. Whereas it’s going to be destined for stacks of flagship telephones in 2021, it may find yourself being contained in the iPhone 12 Professional. 

After years of authorized points, Qualcomm and Apple struck a deal early final yr so we all know that some tech inside the primary 5G iPhone can be Qualcomm-based. 

21 January 2020: The usual iPhone 12 can be thinner and greater than the iPhone 11

Provide chain sources are suggesting that the 2020 iPhone design will not change massively, however the telephones can be getting thinner than the 2019 fashions, however maybe barely bigger, with bigger shows.

31 December 2019: It appears to be like just like the iPhone 12 will not have a notch

Patents recordsdata by Apple have appeared for a notch-free telephone, however it does increase the query of how Apple will supply Face ID if there isn’t any house for the wanted {hardware}.

5 December 2019: Report suggests 4 iPhone 12 fashions

A report from analyst Ming-Chi Kuo claims there can be 4 iPhone 12 fashions in 2020. From the identical report comes the element that in 2021, Apple will ditch all bodily connection to the telephone. 

5 December 2019: Qualcomm CEO says 5G iPhone a precedence

The CEO of Qualcomm, Cristiano Amon, has mentioned that one among Qualcomm’s priorities in its relationship with Apple can be to get a 5G iPhone launched as quickly as it will probably.

30 October 2019: Apple 5G iPhone 12 plans ramped up, with three fashions tipped for 2020

Nikkei Asian Assessment has claimed Apple is in talks with mobilisation suppliers to provide a spread of three iPhones with 5G information connectivity in 2020.

If true, it could imply the iPhone 12, iPhone 12 Professional and iPhone 12 Professional Max ought to all be 5G enabled.

28 October 2019: iPhone 12 mentioned to come back with 120Hz OLED show

Based on sources in China, Apple will use 120Hz display know-how on its 2020 iPhone 12 fashions, which is similar refresh price it at the moment makes use of on the iPad Professional fashions.

Whereas 90Hz screens are gaining popularity on smartphones with OnePlus and Google each adopting them – 120Hz refresh charges are extra uncommon, with solely the Razor 2 and Asus ROG II gadgets that includes the upper refresh price for now.

30 September 2019: Newest Apple iPhone 12 renders present no notch for the Professional fashions

Ben Geskin produced some extra renders displaying what the iPhone 12 Professional and 12 Professional Max may seem like if the notch disappears and Face ID is built-in into the bezel above the show, in addition to squarer edges, just like the iPhone 4.

Ben Geskin

26 September 2019: iPhone 2020 prototype exhibits FaceID built-in into high bezel with no notch

Ben Geskin – who has produced a number of renders of iPhones previously – has tweeted to say “one of many 2020 iPhone prototypes has 6.7-inch show with Face ID and TrueDepth digital camera system housed within the high bezel.” Appears fairly good if it is correct, hey?

26 September 2019: Apple iPhone 12 will revert to iPhone Four design function, claims analyst

Apple analyst Ming-Chi Kuo revealed a report claiming the iPhone 12 may have a brand new metallic body construction, very similar to the iPhone Four launched nearly a decade in the past. He mentioned: “The metallic body and the entrance and rear 2/2.5D glass are nonetheless used, however the metallic body floor can be modified to an identical design to the iPhone 4, changing the present floor design.”

The predictions match renders from Ben Geskin, which had been then retweeted following the report.

7 September 2019: The 2020 iPhone will reportedly usher in an all-new design

Analyst Ming-Chi Kuo claimed that subsequent yr’s telephone will function an all-new design.

Kuo mentioned the 2020 iPhone lineup will function three main modifications: An all-new kind issue design; assist for 5G assist; and digital camera upgrades.

5 September 2019: Apple would possibly use in-screen sensor in 2020 iPhone

Bloomberg has reported Apple would possibly use an in-display fingerprint sensor within the 2020 iPhone – one thing that analyst Ming-Chi Kuo beforehand predicted.

Based on the location, Apple is growing an in-display fingerprint authentication know-how that works very similar to the options we have seen carried out by Samsung, OnePlus, Huawei, and others. Presumably, it could be a Contact ID-branded function that will work alongside Face ID, permitting customers to extra effectively bypass their machine’s lock display and course of funds.

22 August 2019: Apple iPhone 11 ‘Professional’, Watch Collection 5 and AirPods three particulars revealed in new report

A report from Bloomberg supplied quite a lot of particulars on the 2019 iPhones, however it additionally mentioned the 2020 iPhones would supply 5G connectivity and a digital camera enhance on the rear for AR.

Based on the report: “Not one of the new fashions will embrace 5G, however subsequent yr’s will. They’re going to even have rear-facing 3D cameras that can enhance augmented actuality capabilities.”

21 August 2019: Apple testing OLED shows from different suppliers for iPhone 2020

Based on Nikkei Asian Assessment, noticed by Apple Insider, Apple is claimed to be testing OLED shows from suppliers apart from Samsung for the 2020 iPhone. 

It is claimed the newest provider being examined is BOE Expertise and Apple is reported to determine by the tip of 2019 if the panels meet its requirements.

5 August 2019: Lengthy stay Contact ID! Apple’s 2021 iPhone would possibly use in-display fingerprint tech

Analyst Ming-Chi Kuo has claimed Apple will doubtless supply an Ultrasonic under-display fingerprint sensor within the iPhone 2021. Kuo mentioned the system will work alongside Apple’s Face ID. 

He additionally reiterated that the notch can be getting smaller for the 2020 iPhone earlier than being ditched fully for the 2021 iPhone.

22 July 2019: Subsequent yr’s iPhones would possibly get a show that is twice as quick

Based on leaker Ice Universe, the 2020 iPhones may supply a variable refresh price, permitting them to change between 120hz mode from 60hz for smoother motion on display.

We suspect the iPhone would stick with 60hz for many functions, permitting it to avoid wasting on energy consumption, however change into 120hz mode for video or maybe Apple Pencil work if Apple provides compatibility subsequent yr.

19 July 2019: Renders of iPhone XII Max seem on Twitter with predicted specs

Ben Geskin has produced some renders of what he believes the iPhone XII Max will seem like in 2020. He additionally supplied some particulars on specs he expects to seem, all of that are believable.

11 July 2019: The iPhone may have its front-cameras underneath the show by 2021

Analyst Ming-Chi Kuo claims the iPhone’s massive notch will fully disappear by 2021. Kuo claims the iPhone’s notch will get considerably smaller in 2020 earlier than its 2021 disappearance. 

Kuo would not elaborate on how Apple would possibly succeed on this, however a technique can be to maneuver the True Depth digital camera system – which is used for Face ID – to behind the show. There are massive challenges with this know-how in the mean time although so maybe there’s one other answer?

9 July 2019: Apple may launch 4 iPhones in 2020 together with mid-range mannequin

Analyst Samik Chatterjee at JP Morgan Chase has claimed Apple would possibly launch 4 new iPhones in 2020, together with the subsequent successors to the iPhone XS and XS Max, the subsequent successor to the iPhone XR and a mid-range iPhone.

Chatterjee claims the mid-range iPhone may have the identical display dimension because the iPhone Eight however it will not have an OLED show or 5G capabilities, like the opposite three iPhones are anticipated to supply.

18 June 2019: Apple iPhone XS Max may get even greater in 2020, analyst suggests

Apple analyst Ming-Chi Kuo has mentioned Apple will announce 5.4-inch and 6.7-inch high-end iPhones with OLED shows providing 5G connectivity, together with a 6.1-inch OLED mannequin supporting as much as LTE. 

Kuo additionally mentioned Apple will supply 5G assist for all new iPhones from 2021 and it’s thought the corporate may have its personal 5G chip by 2023.

three April 2019: Three OLED fashions and completely different sizes rumoured for iPhone 2020

Digitimes reported that every one three 2020 iPhones may have OLED shows and the display sizes will change in comparison with the iPhone XS, iPhone XS Max and the iPhone XR.

The location claimed there can be a 5.42-inch mannequin, a 6.06-inch mannequin and a 6.67-inch mannequin for subsequent yr’s iPhones.

30 January 2019: Apple so as to add triple cameras to 2019 iPhone, 3D cameras to 2020 iPhone

Bloomberg reported {that a} new TrueDepth digital camera system can be added to the 2020 iPhone and that it’ll function Time of Flight 3D sensors with lasers that bounce off objects in a room to create a 3D picture of your environment.

The consequence needs to be an in depth AR expertise, with correct depth notion and placement of digital objects. These 3D cameras will scan areas as much as 15 toes from the machine, it’s claimed.

Four December 2018: No 5G iPhone for 2019, you may have to attend till 2020 for Apple adoption

Bloomberg reported that “folks conversant in the matter” claimed Apple will wait till the 5G community matures and stabilises earlier than releasing a appropriate product. 

It is subsequently assumed Apple will not launch a 5G iPhone in 2019, however it is going to in 2020. 

23 March 2018: Apple would possibly ditch present telephone design for foldable iPhone in 2020

CNBC reported that analyst Wamsi Mohan at Financial institution of America Merrill Lynch claimed Apple is working with Asian companions on a foldable telephone and the 2020 iPhone can be radically completely different.

Writing by Britta O’Boyle.

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