“Hydrogen may help scale back our dependency on fossil fuels,” says William Gillett, EASAC’s Power Programme Director. “However the local weather advantages might be restricted, if we use fossil fuels to provide it – even with carbon seize and storage. The EU should cease all subsidies to fossil fuels. The quick rising demand for hydrogen have to be met by an enormous enhance of renewable electrical energy, along with licensed imports from third international locations.”

“Electrical energy is a good way to decarbonize our economic system. However essential sectors resembling ships, vans, planes and metal manufacturing can’t simply be powered by electrical energy. To develop into local weather impartial, they want a gasoline that may be transported like oil or gasoline, or that may convert iron ore to metal at excessive temperatures like coal”, explains William Gillett, EASAC’s Power Programme Director. “The rising demand for hydrogen and artificial fuels would require rather more renewable electrical energy to be generated within the EU. As well as, Europe will want imports and should due to this fact develop partnerships with third international locations to drive international commerce in renewable hydrogen and in applied sciences to provide it.”

Carbon seize and storage doesn’t make fossil-fuel primarily based hydrogen local weather impartial

EASAC calls on the EU to take away direct and oblique subsidies, taxes, levies and different incentives for fossil fuels. Says Gillett: “Direct and oblique assist to fossil fuels sends fallacious indicators. The EU ought to somewhat strengthen carbon pricing and revise the emissions buying and selling directive to construct investor confidence in future markets for renewable electrical energy and renewable hydrogen. Even together with carbon seize and storage, fossil-fuel primarily based hydrogen nonetheless has a big carbon footprint. To realize carbon-neutrality, the EU ought to take a management position in international markets for renewable hydrogen and within the manufacture of low value electrolysers to provide it.”

Keep away from costly lock-ins to infrastructures

The scientists additionally spotlight the significance of avoiding untimely and costly lock-ins to new or renovated infrastructures which might be subsequently made redundant by cheaper applied sciences or market developments. “Within the electrical energy sector, distributed technology is enjoying an ever growing position. Constructing on this expertise, it makes good sense to assume native for hydrogen and undertake a phased strategy: initially deploying distributed electrolysers for native hydrogen manufacturing feeding into native market networks”, explains Gillett. “Additionally, let”s not neglect that the artificial fuels pathway is much less environment friendly than utilizing electrical energy along with a battery or utilizing electrical energy straight, so hydrogen or artificial fuels will predominantly be used solely the place electrification shouldn’t be an choice.”


EASAC Commentary: https://easac.eu/publications/particulars/hydrogen-and-synthetic-fuels/


Dr William Gillett

EASAC Power Programme Director

E mail : William.Gillett@easac.eu

Phone +44 7879 635 740

For normal enquiries

Ms Sabine Froning

EASAC Communications Officer/Communication Works

E mail: sabine.froning@easac.eu

Phone: +49 15208727000

Prof.dr.sc. Neven Duic (Croatia)

Energy Engineering and Power Administration Chair

Division of Power, Energy and Environmental Engineering

School of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Structure

College of Zagreb

E mail: neven.duic@fsb.hr

Phone +385 1 6168126, Cell +385 91 5285 443

Prof. Dr. Konstantinos Boulouchos (Switzerland)

Director of Aerothermochemistry and Combustion Techniques Laboratory (LAV) | Institute of Power Know-how ETH Zurich | Head of Swiss Competence Heart for Power Analysis (SCCER) in Environment friendly Applied sciences and Techniques for Mobility

E mail: boulouchos@lav.mavt.ethz.ch

Phone +41 44 632 36 68

Prof. George A. Giannopoulos (Greece)

Academy of Athens (Power Committee)

E mail: ggian@academyofathens.gr

Phone +30-6942-472727

Prof. Dr. Veronika Grimm (Germany)

Professor of Financial Principle

Friedrich-Alexander-Universitaet (FAU)


E mail: veronika.grimm@fau.de

Phone +49 911 568 54 9229

Prof Jenny Nelson (United Kingdom)

School of Pure Sciences, Division of Physics

Imperial School London

E mail: Jenny.nelson@imperial.ac.uk

Phone +44 (0)20 7594 7581

Prof.dr.ir. M.C.M. van de Sanden (Richard) (Netherlands)

Group Chief PSFD | DIFFER, Eindhoven, NL

E mail: m.c.m.vandesanden@differ.nl

Phone +31 (0)40 3334 827

Cell: +31-6-53925282

Prof Asgeir Tomasgard (Norway)

Director FME NTRANS, Director NTNU Power Transition Initiative

Division of Industrial Economics and Know-how Administration

Norwegian College of Science and Know-how (NTNU)

E mail: asgeir.tomasgard@ntnu.no

Phone +47 93 05 87 71

Concerning the European Academies’ Science Advisory Council (EASAC)

EASAC is shaped by the nationwide science academies of the EU Member States, Norway, Switzerland and United Kingdom, to collaborate in giving recommendation to European policymakers. EASAC supplies a way for the collective voice of European science to be heard. By means of EASAC, the academies work collectively to supply impartial, professional, evidence-based recommendation concerning the scientific elements of European insurance policies to those that make or affect coverage inside the European establishments.


Annex | Catalogue of coverage suggestions:

The scientists name upon policymakers to:

1. urgently enhance the technology of renewable electrical energy, which needs to be used straight the place attainable, and is indispensable for renewable hydrogen manufacturing

2. take away subsidies, taxes, levies and different incentives for fossil fuels, which proceed to distort vitality markets and restrict the expansion potential for renewable hydrogen and artificial fuels.

3. embody impartial consultants past the Clear Hydrogen Alliance within the work to determine and develop measures for eradicating market obstacles.

4. strengthen carbon pricing by revising the Emissions Buying and selling Directive to stimulate markets for renewable hydrogen and hydrogen derived artificial fuels.

5. introduce new rules (apart from the Emissions Buying and selling System) to speed up change from fossil to renewable hydrogen in chemical and different industries together with metal manufacturing.

6. construct investor confidence by supporting stakeholders working collectively in native hydrogen networks (Member States, business, civil society, and science group).

7. promote sustainable growth of hydrogen markets, starting with native or regional networks near renewable electrical energy provides, hydrogen manufacturing vegetation, and hydrogen consumption centres.

8. set up sturdy hyperlinks for coordination of vitality governance buildings between EU, nationwide, regional and native ranges.

9. safe provides of renewable hydrogen from outdoors the EU (along with EU manufacturing) by establishing worldwide partnerships and commerce cooperation with third international locations in addition to with EU neighbours.

10. promote investments in renewable hydrogen and hydrogen-derived artificial fuels with a deal with minimizing the vitality invested, in addition to accounting for the general life cycle prices, per unit of GHG emission discount.

11. encourage funding in renewable hydrogen by selling the EU taxonomy with its disclosure obligations for environmentally sustainable financial actions.

12. set up requirements for hydrogen manufacturing primarily based on lifecycle GHG efficiency, and certification of low carbon hydrogen to make use of with EU taxonomy for investments.

13. assist the speedy growth of electrolysers, prioritising these with falling prices and quick market diffusion and studying curves, to speed up hydrogen manufacturing.

14. prohibit the usage of complete timber for producing renewable hydrogen by utilizing sustainability standards which restrict carbon payback occasions to lower than 10 years.

15. assist analysis, market research and demand pushed initiatives on hydrogen infra-structure (native, nationwide and worldwide) and on certification and requirements.

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