home network setup overview

Home network setup overview:

Today nearly every home and small businesses have an area network and a Web connection.

The true real estate network or small office network allows multiple types of equipment e.g. PCs, tablets, etc to attach to each several other and to hook up to the web.

In this tutorial, you will understand how to build and set up a home or little office network (SOHO) and attach it to the internet.

Choosing a Wired or Wireless Network

Wired networks use Ethernet over UTP cable and tend to be faster than wireless networks, which is definitely an important consideration if you are a gamer. A simple home network diagram that is wired is demonstrated below shows a minimum setup with a switch and broadband router.

Network Diagram Layouts - Home Network Diagrams

 Advantages of Wired Network

  • Fast typically 100 Mbps to 10 Gbps
  • Secure and reliable.

 Dis-Advantages of Wired Network

  • Not so easy for visitors and mobile devices (laptops) to connect to.
  • Doesn’t work with devices that don’t have an Ethernet port e.g. tablets and smartphones.
  • Not so easy and fast to set up as it requires running cables. However, Homeplug or powerline adapters can be used instead.

 

Main Uses

Connecting peripheral gadgets like computer systems, smartphones, tablets, etc.

Most house networks shall use an assortment of wired and wireless.

Setting up a genuine home Network -Parts and Structure

Today the however most house and small office at home networks shall use a radio network or mixed network, as many people use tablets and smartphones that don’t have Ethernet support.

The main components necessary to build a typical house/small office network are:

  • Router or Cellular router – Connects the network to the web.
  • Wireless Access Point – Utilized to Connect Wi-Fi-equipped products to the network.
  • Ethernet Change or HUB -Used for connecting Ethernet-equipped devices.
  • Wire cat 5, cat5e, or cat 6 with RJ45 connectors.
  • Telephone Wire with RJ 10 connectors.
  • Broadband Filters.

The home network diagram below shows the structure of a typical small home network

firewalls - Securing a network attached storage on the ...

For some home networks, the Wireless Router or Hub which connects the network to the web will be the primary component of the house or small office at home network, and perhaps, it will be the only component.

The Wireless router incorporates a radio access point usually, an Ethernet switch, DSL modem, and Router in one box.

This short video shows how exactly to use a Wireless House Hub ( BT) or router to make a home network that’s connected to the web.

Video Notes:

DSL Modem– converts digital indicators into analog indicators that are ideal for sending over a phone line. It is generally included on the Internet/broadband router and isn’t normally purchased as another component.

DSL/Broadband Filter– Used to filter out DSL signals from telephone signals so that you can access the internet and use the telephone simultaneously. Often included as part of the connection socket.

Wireless Router Location

The Wireless router will need to connect to the telephone line, cable, or fiber network access point in your home.

Therefore most people locate the Wireless router near the main telephone socket.

However, you can usually change the location by using telephone extension cables or longer WAN cables.

Note: WAN cables use the same connectors (RJ45), and cables as Ethernet cables.

Because the Wireless Router provides the Wireless access point then you should place it in a central location, if possible, to find the best wireless reception.

THINGS NOT TO TRY

Don’t

  • Hide it in a cupboard
  • It behind the sofa Install
  • Install following to motors, microwaves, cordless telephones

Testing Your Wireless Signal

The simplest way of testing your signal strength in a variety of locations is by using the inSSIDer Wi-Fi checker which can be an App that you could install on your own Android Tablet or phone.

The overall idea is to put the Wireless router in its favored location and then maneuver around the home with the inSSIDer Wi-Fi checker, and check the signal strength, and modify the location if necessary then.

How to Extend Your House Network

In large homes/offices, it might not be possible for connecting all devices right to the Cellular router and that means you will need to buy additional networking components.

You can extend your house network by:

  • extending your Wi-Fi insurance coverage by installing additional Cellular Access Factors or a far more powerful access point.
  • or you can expand the Wired network by operating cables into additional rooms
  • or making use of your power cables by setting up home plug adapters. OBSERVE HOW to increase a Home Network

Home Router Setup

To administer the home router you access it via a web browser and log in using a username and password.

Before you allow devices to connect to your home network you should make some basic changes to the default setup parameters of your router.

The two important ones are the SSID used to access the Router and the router admin password as the default username/passwords are well known, and published on the Internet.

Connecting Wi-Fi Devices

The standard way of connecting a Wi-fi device to a Wi-fi network is the connect to the network and enter the password when prompted.

However, most modern Wi-Fi routers/hubs support a feature called WPS (Wi-fi-protected setup). Which usually involves pressing a button on the wi_fi router and a corresponding WPS connection button on the Device.

The devices then connect without requiring you to enter a password.

 IP Addresses for Home Networks

All your devices shall want an IP address.

This is supplied by something called DHCP which automatically, by default, is supplied by the real home router.

The IP address supplied by the DHCP server is called dynamic addresses because they can change. You can even manually assign addresses, and these are referred to as static addresses.

Static Addresses aren’t assigned but tend to be required when working with Port forwarding normally.

They may be assigned on the network settings of these devices, but in the DHCP server using reserved addresses preferably.

Additionally, the addresses applied to your house network are referred to as internal addresses.

When you hook up to the web your device shall make use of an external Ip. This address may be the Ip of the router/hub. See Internal vs exterior IP addresses for a far more detailed explanation.
Selecting Your DNS, IP, and MAC Addresses

You may need to discover what DNS servers you are employing or the IP or Macintosh address of:

Your Home Router.
Your own pc/tablet/phone

The primary tool you use may be the config (windows) or ifconfig (Linux) tool.

PORT FORWARDING: LEARN MORE

ipconfig/all

 

Your house router is your gateway to the web. When viewing your construction some devices make reference to it as the default router whereas others utilize the term default gateway.

In the screenshot above, it really is 192.168.1.254.

How to Split Your House Network

For security reasons, you will probably find the necessary to split your house network. This is also true in small business systems like restaurants etc where clients are also given usage of the network.

Many contemporary routers shall provide guest networks for this function, and is simple to set up.

Another common method, however, not as simple as by using VLANs. Understanding and configuring VLANs here.

Firewall Configuration on House Network

A Firewall functions just like a router, and generally, everything you use on little systems is a firewall/NAT router mixture when a single device functions as a NAT router and firewall.

A firewall protects your house or small company network devices and computer systems from intruders on the web.

It effectively acts just like a one-method digital gate blocking usage of your network from products on the web, but simultaneously allowing products on your network for connecting to devices about the web.

For little home/office networks the firewall is made into and is part of, the router that connects to the web.

Generally, there is absolutely no configuration required mainly because the default behavior is to permit connections from the neighborhood network to the web, rather than from the web to the real home network.

However, if you do require devices on the Internet to connect to your network (often required by gamers) then you can configure port forwarding.

Another possible way is by using dynamic DNS. What is Dynamic DNS? and Why Use Dynamic DNS Services?

Checking Network and Internet Speeds

On any network, the velocity is restricted by the slowest component.

A computer with a Gigabit network card that communicates with a computer with a 100Mbit/s network card is restricted to 100Mbit/s.

Just like the traffic lights and roundabouts on a roadside and junctions, shared devices such as switches and wireless access points are network choke points.

LAN Speed Test is a very great and functioning tool when testing your local network speeds. Understand Home network speeds here.

You can also use online speed test sites to check for internet speeds. Understand how Internet speeds and speed tests work.

Having Problems in Home Network and Internet Connection?

You will surely have connection problems from time to time, due to bad network area or thereabout.

In my experience, most problems are easily diagnosed and fixed with a little patience and consistency.

Having a good understanding of how your network works are essential for successful troubleshooting.

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