Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes
Lots of diabetics don’t know the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. This is owing to the close similarities between both blood sugar conditions.
Diabetes mellitus is a collection of ailments that impinges on the ability of your body to utilize blood sugar or glucose. Glucose is fundamental to your physical condition since it’s a vital source of energy for the body cells.
There are different types of diabetes mellitus with different primary causes. Irrespective of the diabetes type, it leaves surplus sugar in your blood which can in turn be detrimental to your health.
Prediabtes occurs when the level of your blood sugar is higher than what is considered normal, but not seemingly high enough to be grouped as diabetes.
Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy and may resolve after birth of the baby.
Chronic diabetes conditions include type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes can be grouped into three (3) main types:
Your body is unable to use insulin with these three types of diabetes. Most people with diabetes are oblivious they have the terminal condition. There are some factors that can expose you to high risk of developing diabetes.

Difference Between Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes

Causes:
In terms of causes, the difference between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes is that in type 1 diabetes, the immune system mistakes the healthy cells of the body for foreign bodies. In order to protect the body, the immune system destroys the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. The body becomes unable to produce insulin after the attack on the beta cells.
For type 2 diabetes, the body produces insulin but is unable to use it. The pancreas will tries to compensate by producing more insulin which isn’t used by the body. This causes glucose to accumulate in the bloodstream.
Symptoms:
The difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes in terms of symptoms is that for type 1 symptoms develop quickly while it takes longer for symptoms to show in type 2. The symptoms in type 1 diabetics develop over quickly, at least over several weeks. People with type 2 diabetes may not show any symptom for years. When symptoms eventually start to show, it usually develop over time.
Treatment:
The difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes in terms of treatment is that type 1 cannot be treated. It has no cure, and as such will require regular injection of insulin into the blood stream.
For type 2 diabetes, it can be managed with the right diet and exercise. In some cases, type 2 diabetes can even be reversed. Your doctor may prescribe medications to help your body effectively make use of insulin in cases where lifestyle changes prove abortive.

Risk factors for Diabetes Type 1

Diabetes type 1 mostly begins in your early days, it causes your pancreas to end its production of insulin. Type 1 diabetes is terminal; it has no cure but it can be managed. The major risk factors for diabetes type 1 include:
  • Family history of diabetes. Your chances of developing diabetes type 1 are higher if you have a family member with the disease. Ensure you go for blood test to confirm your status if your father, mother, brother, or sister has type 1 diabetes.
  • Ill health. Having some infections and illnesses, particularly the uncommon ones, is among the risk factors for developing diabetes type 1. These illnesses can damage your pancreas, exposing you to risk for diabetes type 1.
  • Diseases of the pancreas. Your ability to produce insulin is affected if your pancreas is diseased.

Risk factors for Diabetes Type 2

Diabetes type 2 is also known as insulin resistance because your body is incapable of expending or utilizing the insulin it produces. Type 2 mostly affects adults; however it can begin at any time in your life. Risk factors for diabetes type 2 include:
  • Age. Older age may increase a person’s risk of developing diabetes type 2. People who are 45 and older, particularly those who are overweight, should get tested for diabetes.
  • Impaired glucose tolerance. People with impaired glucose tolerance are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. You can confirm if you have this condition by undergoing a simple blood test.
  • Insulin resistance. If you have insulin resistance, this mean you are at higher risk of having type diabetes. This is because type 2 diabetes often starts with cells that are resistant to insulin, causing your pancreas to work extra hard at producing sufficient insulin to meet your body’s requirements.
  • Gestational diabetes. Women who developed diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes), are at high risk of developing diabetes type 2 later in life.
  • Sedentary lifestyle. If you lead a life of inactivity, always sitting before a TV set, or doing a job that keeps you bound to your desk all day, giving you little or no time to exercise, then you are at high risk of developing diabetes.
  • Family history. You may be at increased risk of developing diabetes type 2 if you have a relation with diabetes.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is among the risk factors for diabetes type 2. Women with this condition are more prone to developing diabetes type 2.
  • Obesity or being overweight. One of the major risk factor for diabetes type 2. This type of diabetes is more common among U.S teenagers due to high obesity rate among this age group.
  • Ethnic background. Type 2 diabetes is more common in Hispanic/Latino Americans, African-Americans, Native Americans, Asian-Americans, Pacific Islanders, and Alaska natives compared to other races or ethnic setting.

Risk factors for Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is caused by hormones produced by the placenta. Gestational diabetes can also be triggered by very low insulin level. The mother’s high blood sugar level can be passed on to the baby. This condition has to be treated to reduce or eliminate growth and development problems in the baby.
The risk factors for gestational diabetes include:
  • Obesity or being overweight. Gaining extra pounds can raise a woman’s risk of developing gestational diabetes.
  • Family history. Diabetes mostly runs in family. So, get tested if your family member has had gestational diabetes.
  • Glucose intolerance. A woman is prone to having gestational diabetes if she has glucose intolerance or has had a history of gestational diabetes.
  • Age. Women who got pregnant when they are 35 and above are at high risk of developing gestational diabetes.
  • Ethnic background. Women who aren’t from the White race have a higher likelihood of developing this type of diabetes.

Steps to Take to Prevent Diabetes

There are steps you can take to cut down or prevent your risks of developing diabetes. These include:
  • Manage or keep your blood pressure under control.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Engage in at least 30 minutes of exercise on daily basis.
  • Eat a balanced meal.

 

Disclaimer: The content provided on healthdiary365.com is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be interpreted as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical doctor or healthcare professional.

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