How Does Coronavirus Spread?

The current spread of coronavirus epidemic has cut across to nations of the world with over 6,000 deaths reported in Italy alone. Now the health officials are bent on curbing the spread of COVID-19 with the intention of bringing the endemic to a halt.
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It is vital to understand how the virus spread so that you can take precautionary measures to prevent getting infected or infecting others.

How Does Coronavirus spread from Person-to-Person Contact?

Coronavirus spread from from person to person contact through droplets, airborne, surface transmission, fecal, and oral contact. According to experts, the virus responsible for coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is transmitted strictly from person to person contact. There are several ways that this can happen:
  • Droplets: Coronavirus can spread when an infected person sneezes or coughs thereby releasing the droplets containing the virus from their nose or mouth into the air. The virus in the air can then infect anyone who is within 6 feet of the infected person when inhaled since it goes into the lungs.
  • Airborne Transmission: According to study, the COVID-19 causing virus can remain alive in the air for up to 3 hours. So, coronavirus can be spread if you inhale tainted air that contains the virus and it gets into your lungs.
  • Fecal-Oral: Researches has established that coronavirus can be found in the feces of an infected person. However, it is yet uncertain if COVID-19 can spread via contact with infected feces. A person with coronavirus can infect another person if they use the convenience and leave without washing their hands.
  • Surface Transmission: Surface spread of coronavirus occurs when you establish contact with the surfaces that an infected person coughs or sneezes on. You can get infected with coronavirus if you touch a doorknob or countertop that was touched by an infected person and they go on to touch your nose, eyes or mouth with that infected hand. This is why regular washing of hands is vital to curbing the spread of coronavirus. COVID-19 can survive on surfaces like plastic and stainless steel for 2 to 3 days. It would help to properly disinfect doorknobs, countertops, and other surfaces you touch daily.
Coronavirus is mostly spread by people with the symptoms of the disease. However, people with are asymptomatic with the disease can still transmit the virus to others.

Community Spread

The community spread of coronavirus occurs when a person contracts the disease without any known contact with a sick person. In some cases, a person can trace how they got the virus because they will know they have established contact with an ill person.

Importance of Social Distancing at Curbing Spread of Coronavirus

Social distancing is perhaps one of the best approaches at curbing the spread of coronavirus that is currently ravaging the entire globe. Social distancing involves keeping people far enough apart such that they can’t spread coronavirus.
READ ALSO: Coronavirus: Causes, Symptoms, Complications, Treatment, and Prevention
Social distancing can be achieved by:
  • Working from home
  • Cancelling events that would involve gathering of people such as festivals, concerts, conferences, and other forms of social gathering.
  • Keep kids out of school.
  • Avoiding train or plane travel
  • Visit with family and friends by phone and computer instead of one-on-one.
  • Shopping for groceries or drugstore items should be best done online
  • Stand at least 6 feet away from people.
  • Avoid hugging and or shake hands with anyone except your family members living with you.
  • Avoid going to public places if you are ill.

When to Quarantine or Isolate

If you are ill, it is best to self-quarantine and avoid making contact with people who are healthy. This is to help stop the spread of coronavirus. Since some persons who are asymptomatic may not exhibit symptoms, it is best to self-quarantine if you have made contact with a person with COVID-19.
  • Remain at home.
  • Keep at least 6 feet away from everyone else in your household.
  • Avoid welcoming visitors.
  • Wash your hands properly with soap and warm water.
  • Avoid sharing personal items like dishes, utensils, and towels.
  • Disinfect counters, doorknobs, phones, remote controls, and other surfaces.
Ensure you isolate yourself if you’ve tested positive for coronavirus. Remain at home in a room separate from everyone else while you receive medical care. Avoid touching even your pets. Put on a face mask if you must come near other persons.
If your symptoms deteriorate, contact your doctor before you visit a clinic or hospital. Your doctor will call the local or state health department if your symptoms indicate you have coronavirus.
 

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