Blood Pressure go Up and Down? Possible Causes

Blood pressure go up suddenly

What Makes Blood Pressure Go Up and Down?

Your blood pressure may go up and down due to some factors such as insufficient potassium, added sugar, chronic pain, loneliness, sleep apnea, caffeine, and certain herbal supplements.
Most people have been asking, what causes blood pressure to go up and down or to go up suddenly? This is because millions of people globally are living with high blood pressure (hypertension). When your blood exerts extreme force on the cardiovascular system, it can destroy the muscles of the heart and the arteries. When this happens it can lead to a deadly disease like stroke, heart attack, and other cardiovascular disease. Health problems caused by high blood pressure lead to millions of death toll on yearly basis.
Some common causes of high BP include excess intake of salt, lack of exercise, and eating unhealthy foods. However, there are other things that can cause your blood pressure to go up suddenly such as excess caffeine intake, lack of sleep, and loneliness. Temporary high BP or spikes may not be an issue of concern, but it becomes an issue if your blood pressure goes up suddenly and remains that way over a long period of time.
This article highlights some factors to watch out for that can cause your blood pressure to go up and down suddenly.

What Causes Your Blood Pressure to go  up and down or go up suddenly?

Insufficient Potassium
One of the factors that causes blood pressure to to go up and down is potassium deficiency. For your kidneys to function effectively and retain the correct amount of fluid in your blood, it would require a correct balance of potassium and sodium. Consuming a low-salt diet can still lead to high blood pressure if you fail to consume potassium rich foods such as beans, bananas, low-fat dairy, fish, spinach, broccoli, leafy greens, water chestnuts, fruits, and vegetables.
Adrenal problems
The hormone production in your body is being govern by your adrenal system. Adrenal fatigue can happen when you have low level of hormone production, thus causing the level of your blood pressure to go down. Also, your blood pressure can go up suddenly if you have an overactive adrenal system.
Added Sugar
Excess intake of added sugar may cause blood pressure to go up and down or to go up suddenly. Added sugar in a processed form like high-fructose corn syrup or soft drinks should be avoided to taken occasionally if you must.
Chronic Pain
Another thing that may cause your blood pressure to go up suddenly is sudden acute or chronic pain. Chronic pain raises your nervous system and your blood pressure.
Loneliness
The feeling of loneliness that causes your blood pressure to go up suddenly isn’t just linked to depression or anxiety. It’s way more than that. This type of loneliness deteriorates with time. A 4-year old study found that the upper blood pressure of the loneliest participants skyrocketed more than 14 points. The researchers concluded that perpetual fear of rejection, disappointment and fear of safety/security greatly affects how your body functions.
Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea is a severe sleep problem in which your breathing stops and starts repeatedly during sleep. Sleep apnea would cause your blood pressure to go up while sleeping. Apart from high blood pressure, people with sleep apnea also suffer from heart-related problems. With sleep apnea, your nervous system release chemicals that cause your blood pressure to go up while sleeping. Also, insufficient oxygen may damage the wall of your blood vessel, making it difficult for your body to control your blood pressure at the long run.
Caffeine
Caffeine, particularly when consumed excessively is another thing that causes your blood pressure to go up and down. Studies have shown that caffeine can block a hormone that helps keep your arteries widened. Caffeine may also cause your glands to release more adrenaline, leading to high blood pressure. 
READ ALSO: Preeclampsia Risk During Pregnancy Reduced With High Fibre Diet
Herbal Supplements
Herbal supplements like ginseng, St. John’s wort, ginkgo, guarana, ephedra, and bitter orange, may also cause your blood pressure to go up suddenly. Taking these herbal supplements can also affect medications you take, including drugs to control hypertension.
Dehydration
Insufficient intake of water can cause your blood vessels to constrict since the cells of your body aren’t hydrated. This is another factor that cause blood pressure to go up and down suddenly. This is because your brain sends a signal to your pituitary gland to release a chemical that constricts them. This in turn causes your kidneys to produce little urine in a bid to hold on to fluid. As such tiny blood vessels in your heart and brain starts to squeeze, thus leading to hypertension.

Risk Factors of Fluctuating Blood Pressure

Certain factors may expose you to higher risk of fluctuating blood pressure. They include: excess intake of alcohol, anxiety, stress, use of tobacco, certain blood pressure medications, and night-shift work.
Also, some medical conditions can also increase your risk of developing fluctuations in your BP. They include: cardiovascular disease, diabetes, kidney disease, pregnancy, nervous issues, kidney disease, thyroid issues, dehydration, and obstructive sleep apnea.

Wrapping Up

High blood pressure can become deadly if left unchecked. It is essential for you to keep track of your blood pressure so that you can understand your health condition and when you need to consult your doctor for medications to keep it in check.
Keeping a tab on your blood pressure helps you to observe reading during ‘peak periods, particularly in the mornings, to help doctors detect timely start of hypertension. 

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the home remedies for blood pressure going up and down?
 Some of the home care for fluctuating blood pressure covers areas of diet, exercise, and weight.
In the aspect of diet, it would be highly beneficial if you can integrate DASH (Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension) diet into your routine. The DASH diet highlights whole grains, low-fat diary, vegetables, and fruits.
You can also lose weight and work towards maintaining a healthy weight. Men with waist that measures over 40 inches and women with waist circumference of over 35 may be hypertensive. So ensure you keep a tab on your weight by eating healthy meals.
You can exercise for about 30 minutes for five days in a week to help you maintain a healthy weight. Start with low to moderate intensity workout. Avoid starting with high intensity workout as it can be fatal in people with uncontrolled BP.
Is it normal for blood pressure to go up and down?
Certain fluctuation in your BP is termed normal, particularly when it is triggered as a response to exercise, stress, or night rest. However, spikes in blood pressure level that occur regularly over a number of times may point to a fundamental health problem.
When is your blood pressure dangerously high?
Most cases of high BP are often asymptomatic; as a result, most people don’t go for test or treatment. If left untreated for a long time, hypertension can affect the blood vessels, leading to different medical conditions such as kidney disease, stroke, heart attack, or heart failure.
A normal BP is 120/80mmHg or lower, and high BP is usually at 140/90mmHg. If your reading is over 160/100mmHg, don’t hesitate to see your doctor immediately. If it’s over 180/110mmHg make sure you confer with your doctor.
If a high BP reading is accompanied by blurred vision or headaches, see your doctor immediately. There are cases when BP can reach 240/120mmHg. This is an emergency case.
Why is Obesity linked to hypertension?
Obesity causes a spike or an increase in your BP reading because it affects how your body controls hypertension. Excess fat affects the functioning of some hormones involved regulating your heart beats and functioning of your kidney. This affects the ability of the kidney to get rid of fluid and as such, it makes your heart work extra hard to pump blood. This in turn causes an increase in your blood pressure.
However, when you drop some pounds, it helps to get your hormones working properly.
What are the Best foods to lower blood pressure?
Some of the best foods includes whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. Avoid the intake of alcohol, fatty foods, sugary foods, and salty foods.
What are the tests to check for high BP?
Apart from checking your reading to ensure it is okay, it is also ideal to carry out a test to ascertain your status. This particularly applies to healthy people who may be oblivious of the fact that they are hypertensive. With simple test, such as urine test, blood test, an ECG, or an echocardiogram, you can check your status. Your doctor might ask you to either measure it at home, or wear a small device to monitor it over 24-hours.
Can high blood pressure cause headache?
High blood pressure is mostly asymptomatic. The only way you can know you have it or not is to get a check or a test. However, some people claim they usually experience some telling symptoms that indicate they have this condition. For some people, headache, blood-shot eyes, or lethargy may be among the signs they experience. Don’t hesitate to confer with your doctor if you have any disturbing symptoms.
Can I board a flight if I have high blood pressure?
It is safe for you to fly if you have this condition, provided it is well controlled. However, if your reading is unstable or very high, it is best you confer with your doctor first before boarding a flight.
Does drinking coffee cause BP to increase?
Coffee consumption only has a small effect, so reducing your coffee intake or even stopping will not lower it.  Instead, pay more attention to the amount of salt or fruit and vegetables you consume.
Is cold weather bad for people with high BP?
Several research have established that cardiovascular conditions such as heart attacks and strokes are more common in the colder months than in the summer. This is because cold weather causes a constriction or narrowing of your blood vessels, which helps to conserve heat and maintain body temperature. This creates less room for your blood to flow through, thus causing your reading to to increase.
How do I know if I have high BP?
This condition often comes with little or no symptoms. So, you may have it without knowing. It can be diagnosed during routine checkup by a doctor. Note the risk factors that may likely expose you to the possibility of having hypertension. If your BP is very high, you may experience chest pain, poor exercise, strong headaches, poor exercise, or difficulty breathing.

What herbs can I take for high blood pressure?

Most people often prefer taking herbal remedies to reduce their high BP. Some of these herbs include hawthorn, ginkgo biloba, and hibiscus. There has been very little research conducted to ascertain the efficacy of these herbs. For this reason, it is best to stick to your doctor’s prescription which has been backed by science.
These herbs may be natural, but this doesn’t automatically translate to mean it is 100% safe to take. If you must take herbs, ensure you seek medical advise from your doctor first before doing so. Some herbs can can interact with other medicines and be harmful.
What type of exercise should I avoid If I have high blood pressure?
If you have high BP, go for light to moderate exercises, and not hard or high intensity workouts. Go for workouts that make you slightly warm but not hot, out of breath or completely exhausted. Some exercises that may increase your BP and as boxing, squash, spinning and high intensity interval training. These workouts should be strictly avoided.
Sports activities like parachuting and motor racing which can involve high speeds and changes in atmospheric pressure should also be avoided until you are checked by a medical expert and authorized to engage in any of them. Ensure you first confer with your doctor before engaging in any form of activities.

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